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Biology Lesson 10: Answer one of the given questions/topics

The topic I chose for this week is Compare and Contrast proteins and carbohydrates. Consider how they are formed and their purpose/function inside a cell.

Proteins and Carbohydrates are 2 types of macromolecules. They have organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates are made up of sugar while proteins are made up of amino acids. Carbohydrates are used for the purpose of energy in an organism. Proteins, however, are used for building the structure in an organism. The cell uses carbohydrates as its main source of energy (glucose is a more simpler term, for cells prefer its energy rather then fatty acids).

Proteins can have some roles when it comes to their purpose/function which are to act as an enzyme, a carrier, or a hormone. When a protein acts as a hormone it sends messages between cells, tissue, ands organs. They are then made and transported to the blood to target the tissue and organs binding to the cell surface. When proteins act as enzymes they are formed into a molecule that’s in a rounded shape, like a ball. Proteins have 2 types of carrying systems, they can perform an active transport or a passive transport.

Thanks for stopping by and reading this first essay for biology. I hope you learned something or just enjoyed getting some fact-of-the-day notes for today. I’ll be posting more soon and have a great rest of your day!

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