How does water move through the body of a plant? Plot the route, in general terms, from roots to leaves.
For beginners, water enters the plant through root hairs. Water then moves upwards into the stems through the xylem. There comes a point where its hard for the water to go upwards into the leaves of the plant. That’s where root pressure comes in. Root pressure basically pushes the water out into the hollow tubular cells in the root’s center, using a gentle pumping action. Whenever there’s too much water or not much of it, the stomata, that’s located on the leaves, opens and closes when needed to. They tend to open during the day and closed at night. By opening the stomata, the water can either escape or get evaporated. While at night it stays and helps maintain the plants moisture.
The water helps maintain the proper temperature when the water gets evaporated. Have you noticed droplets of water on leaves. Those are not dew you find early in the morning after a fog, those are the water droplets that had to leave the plant by force, because there was so much water contained in the plant it just had to go.
Thanks for reading this essay. I hope you liked it or learned something new from it. I hope y’all have a great rest of your day!