1. Explain Luther’s main points in the selection you read from On the Freedom of a Christian.
When Luther speaks of the freedom of a Christian, he’s referring to inner, spiritual freedom. Through faith in Christ, man is completely free, in that he’s not subject to anyone. But at the same time, paradoxically, in his outward self, he is a dutiful servant to his neighbor, subject to all, and bound to all others by ties of Christian love.
Following the statement above his main point is that the Christian, justified by grace through faith alone, is completely free of any necessity to establish worthiness before God through.
2. Explain Calvin’s main points in the selection you read from the Institutes of the Christian Religion. How does Calvin answer those who say predestination makes God into a being who dispenses justice unequally?
John Calvin just as Martin Luther claim that predestination means that the Christian God has determined each individual’s fate. God has information on where everyone is going to after death says Calvin. When others tell Calvin, that predestination makes God into a being who dispenses justice unequally, he defends this argument by saying, “all are not created on equal terms.”