What was the Ptolemaic-Aristotelian view of the universe, and how did Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton undermine it and institute an alternative?
Aristotle believed that the universe has always existed. It was always there, it’s currently there, and it will always continue to exist. This has been known as the Aristotelian view of the universe. Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, and Newton have invented what’s known as inertia and if you dig deeper into how inertia works and the logic and reasoning behind it, then it would go against the Aristotelian views of the universe in the end.
Recent historians of science have revisited the traditional version of the Scientific Revolution and have disputed the standard claim that religion and science were locked in a titanic struggle. What is some of the evidence these scholars have brought forth?
Many people claim that the Scientific Revolution was initiated by the deists/atheists and Christian scientists made no contributions to this scientific promotion. This isn’t true though. In fact, the view today is that many important men, who were Christians, made substantial discoveries in many areas of science.
Describe the main ideas we associate with the Enlightenment
The main ideas include:
• They believed reason is the #1 important thing, any other thing such as science is secondary
• Science may have been secondary to reason, but it certainly gives definite answers unlike theology
• They believed God created the universe and wowed the nature, but went back to their life as normal and would tolerate others with different religions
• During the times of Enlightment there were people like ”Voltaire” take hard-to-understand material and simplify difficult wording to something manageable