1.) What was “enlightened absolutism”?
An enlightened absolutist is a non-democratic or authoritarian leader who exercises their political power based upon the principles of the Enlightenment. Enlightened monarchs distinguished themselves from ordinary rulers by claiming to rule for their subjects’ well-being. They also tolerated other religions and have mutual respect for each other, that way there weren’t any big disagreements.
2.) What was the constitutional dispute between the colonists and the British government that led to the American Revolution?
The King and Parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies. They decided to require several kinds of taxes from the colonists to help pay for the French and Indian War.
In an effort to raise funds to pay off debts and defend the vast new American territories won from the French in the Seven Years’ War, the British government passes the Stamp Act
The Stamp Act of 1765 was an act of the Parliament of Great Britain which imposed a direct tax on the British colonies in America and required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.