1.) How did a political assassination in June 1914 lead to a world war? Why did each of the major countries intervene?
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand, was really important to the starting of World War I. Because of the political assassination, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia because of the attack and plus they had beef with each other beforehand. When Austria declared war, many other countries intervened out of the necessity to help out their allies. So, basically other countries got involved because their allies were in need of help and because everyone is helping each other, more and more nations got involved.
2.) Explain five of the major ideas outlined in Wilson’s Fourteen Points
Wilson laid out his “Fourteen Points” on January 1918, these points were the terms on which he believed the war should be ended. The point that was most important to Wilson was the point that states, “A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.” Wilson believed that a general league of nations with collective security would be able to come to the aid of any other country under attack, and this would ultimately prevent another world war.
With that said, the main ideas of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points were; open diplomacy, liable access to the seas, national self-determination, disarmament, and the creation of the League of Nations.