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Western Civ 2 Lesson 130: Considering information in the readings and lectures, what problems from World War I helped contribute to the outbreak of World War II?

World War 2 broke into open conflict due to the military aggression of Germany and Japan, when Germany invaded Poland in 1939 and Japan struck against China in 1937. There was was a problem in Japan, the lack of natural resources that they already had, and the invasion helped decrease the amount of natural resources even more. The people of Japan had lost their hope in the civil government, so they turned to the army (General Sadao Araki) as their only hope. With the help of the army, the Japanese folks started to expand slowly but surely, and invading certain places that they viewed as threat. Araki’s aggression began to dominate the opposing army. They continued to expand into China, leading to all-out war by 1937.  This lead to the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, and the beginning of hostilities in the Pacific Ocean theatre in World War II.

Meanwhile, in Europe, war had been raging for over two years. Germany had provoked the allies with their attachment of neighboring territories and again the initial motivations for aggressive territorial expansion were primarily economic. The Great Depression had a profound effect on Germany hard, but another important factor restricting the economy of Germany in the 1930s was the Treaty of Versailles. The Germans were forced to sign this treaty at the end of World War I, and it imposed many harsh restrictions and penalties on the nation. Germany was required to pay a vast amount of money as war reparations, which crippled the nation’s budget. Adolf Hitler’s Nazi party promised the German people that they would tear up the Treaty of Versailles. When they were voted to power in 1933 they immediately began to ignore it. As things improved economically in Germany, it became easier for Hitler to cement his grip on power.  He achieved absolute control over Germany very quickly. What happens afterwards eventually leads up to the Holocaust and we all know how that went sadly…

Thanks for reading this essay! Ideas from today’s essay came from the help of different sources, so definitely not all the credit goes to me (just wanted to point that out) 😊. As always have a blessed rest of your day!

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